what is a physiotherapist?

As a physiotherapist, you are a healthcare professional registered with the Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP). You are trained to diagnose and treat physical issues to prevent disabilities, help patients rehabilitate from an injury, or provide relief from pain. Unlike a doctor, you do not administer medicine to treat problems. Instead, you use a variety of physical techniques.

Your main goal as a physiotherapist is to help patients regain their physical mobility and independence. You do this using various techniques, including manual therapy, exercise therapy, and others. You also work closely with other healthcare professionals, including doctors, nurses, and occupational therapists. Together, you develop treatment plans tailored to your patient's individual needs.

Depending on the specifics of your practice, you may focus on athletic injuries or older patients. You also assist patients dealing with chronic pain and illness. These differences change the way you go about giving treatment, but the ultimate goal remains the same—helping the patient achieve their best possible physical health.

As a physiotherapist, you play a vital role in the healthcare system in India. Does that appeal to your compassionate nature and desire to help people improve their quality of life? If so, keep reading to find out what skills and competencies you need to thrive as a physiotherapist in India.

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average salary of a physiotherapist

According to Talent, the average salary of a physiotherapist in India is ₹312,500. At entry level, the average pay for a physiotherapist is around ₹250,000, while the highest-earning physiotherapists in the country can make as much as ₹550,000.

factors that affect physiotherapists' pay

Several factors can impact your salary, including your qualifications, experience, location, and the type of employer you work for. One of the most significant factors will be your qualifications. The higher your education and training level, the more valuable you will be to potential employers.

Experience is another key factor. The more experience you have, the more patients will feel comfortable coming to you for treatment, which in turn makes you more valuable to your employers.

Finally, location and the type of employer you work for can also impact your pay. Physiotherapists in urban areas tend to earn more than those in rural areas. At the same time, physiotherapists who work for government hospitals or medical institutions tend to earn less than those who work for private clinics or hospitals.


types of physiotherapists

Physiotherapy contains many specialities that focus on different types of problems, either by the type of injury or the type of patient. Here are some of the most common types of physiotherapists:

  • orthopaedic physiotherapist: in this role, you specialise in treating musculoskeletal conditions, including back pain, arthritis, and sports injuries. You work with patients to develop rehabilitation programs aimed at helping them recover from injuries and regain their physical mobility.
  • paediatric physiotherapist: as a paediatric physiotherapist, you specialise in treating children and adolescents with physical disabilities and impairments. You use play-based activities and exercises to help children improve their physical skills and support their development.
  • neurological physiotherapist: as a neurological physiotherapist, you specialise in treating patients with neurological conditions, such as strokes and spinal cord injuries. You work to improve the patient's mobility, strength, and balance. You also help them regain as much independence as possible.
  • sports physiotherapist: in this type of physiotherapy, you treat athletes and active individuals who have suffered sports-related injuries. You help athletes recover from injuries so they can return to their sport as quickly and safely as possible.

working as a physiotherapist

Are you wondering what a physiotherapist does daily? Read on to find out a physiotherapist's work routine and duties.


education and skills

Some of the academic qualifications for physiotherapists include:

  • 12-standard: to become a physiotherapist in India, you require a certain level of education. To achieve that level, you first graduate at 10+2 standard in a relevant stream.
  • bachelor's degree: the specific qualification required for working as a physiotherapist is a Bachelor's in Physiotherapy (BPTh). This is a full-time 4-year course with an additional 6-month internship.
  • master's degree: although a further degree is not necessary to become a physiotherapist, you may choose to pursue a master's degree to further specialise in a certain area.

skills and competencies

Some of the qualities of a physiotherapist include the following:

  • interpersonal skills: your role as a physiotherapist sees you working with many patients and collaborating with other healthcare professionals. Good interpersonal skills ensure you work well with others and put your patients at ease.
  • technical knowledge: during the course of your work, you assess, diagnose, and treat your patients. This requires a high level of technical knowledge about the human body and the specifics of the conditions your patients are dealing with.
  • physical ability: many of the treatments you use as a physiotherapist involve physically manipulating your patient in various ways. This requires a level of physical fitness and ability, especially when dealing with heavier patients.
  • desire to learn: medicine—like most sciences—is constantly evolving and changing. You keep yourself up-to-date with the latest techniques and knowledge in the field of physiotherapy.

FAQs about working as a physiotherapist

Here are some common questions about working as a physiotherapist:

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