what is a backend developer?

A backend developer works in tech and IT to facilitate data interchange between servers, databases and site users. Your role focuses on developing the backend logic and maintaining the central database that will ensure responsiveness to requests from the front end of the website. While the work of a backend developer is not visible at the front end, it forms the foundation for a seamless, user-friendly experience. Hence, it’s important for you to understand the integration of various front-end elements to ensure a smooth collaboration between the client side and the server side.

what does a backend developer do?

As a backend developer, you design and alter those aspects of a website or a software application that the user never sees. You construct core features and components of the software to aid in the functionality of a website. For example, when a user places a request on the website, your job is to ensure the programme delivers the requested information and data. You also maintain essential databases for the website and manage the application programme interfaces (APIs). Software and database management requires proficiency in coding languages like Python, Java and Ruby.

Most backend developers work in technology companies, creating websites and software for their clients. Once they understand the business requirements, they develop the technical aspects using programming languages. Would working as a backend developer suit your creativity and interest in technology? Then read on to find out more about the competencies and qualifications that will help you thrive in a backend developer role.  

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average salary of a backend developer

According to payscale, the average salary of a backend developer in India is ₹4,17,345 a year. You earn ₹1,37,000 annually in an entry-level position. When you build on your experience and improve your qualifications, your earnings increase to ₹8,87,000 per year. You could earn more as you move on to supervisory roles managing a group of backend developers.

Working as a backend developer also involves working long hours. If you are willing to take up the challenging schedules, you can earn more through overtime pay and additional allowances. Some companies offer bonuses and other perks like paid vacations.

how to increase your salary as a backend developer

As a backend developer, your compensation package depends on the company size and project complexity. Small start-ups pay less due to their limited resources and small project sizes, but they allow you to sharpen your skills as you juggle numerous tasks. Large companies have greater resources and handle complex projects; hence, the compensation package reflects the additional expertise required. Your educational qualifications and experience also determine your salary package.  

backend developer jobs
backend developer jobs

types of backend developers

Some backend developer roles include:

  • backend engineer: as a backend engineer, you complete the server-side coding and maintain the servers. This allows frontend developers to access the website's data structure. Your role focuses on the creative and innovative aspects of the project.
  • database administrator: this type of backend developer is in charge of developing and maintaining databases. Your job is to perform regular back-ups and update permissions to ensure the databases run efficiently and support the website. Most backend developers responsible for database administration are familiar with data science tools and Structured Query Language (SQL).
  • solutions architect: as a solutions architect, you build software for businesses to scale their online functions. Your expertise is in designing solutions and implementing them for businesses.  

working as a backend developer

Working as a backend developer involves building a website from scratch, and controlling its functionality. Your exceptional programming skills and attention to detail ensure the backend technologies work smoothly.


education and skills

A backend developer requires the following educational qualifications:

  • university degree: most backend developers have a background in computer science or software engineering. A computer science degree helps you acquire the basic programming skills to excel in the role.
  • boot camps: if you are a good coder, you can improve your skills in backend development by attending programming boot camps. Boot camps often provide training in major coding languages, and you may find a mentor to help you develop your coding skills.
  • apprenticeship: in India, you will find various start-ups, small and large companies that need your skills. Pick up entry-level jobs to gain experience and build expertise. An apprenticeship gives you the opportunity to learn backend development techniques on the job.

skills and competencies

The following skills will help you succeed as a backend developer:

  • programming skills: coding is crucial for your role. Expertise in backend programming languages like Python and Java improves your success rate. You learn to code in college, and can also improve your skills through boot camps and vocational training programmes that provide certifications in various programming languages. Online training programs and classes are available online.
  • willingness to learn: a positive attitude to continuous learning helps you keep up with changing technologies and website environments. It is crucial to grasp programming languages as soon as they come onto the market.
  • communication skills: while you work on the backend side of the website, your designs and ideas should shine at the front end. Communication skills help you collaborate with other designers and developers in creating a seamless user experience. For instance, you need to explain the data structure design to your team in a simple, effective manner in order to improve efficiency in the design process.
  • time management skills: as a backend developer, you work on various tasks, and without time management skills you won't meet your deadlines. Time management skills help you prioritise and multitask by creating work schedules and to-do lists.

FAQs about working as a backend developer

FAQs about working as a backend developer:

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