what is a full stack developer?

A full stack developer is a developer who works with the entire scope of a computer system application, from the back end to the front end. You most commonly work in web development, but your skills also apply to locally-deployed software solutions. As you cover both ends of the development process, you have a good grasp of multiple programming languages.

You take care of designing the web pages visitors to the website see, but also the underlying processes that work behind the scenes. That gives you the advantage of knowing your system front-to-back, making it easier to deal with problems when they arise. It also means you are a well-rounded developer with experience in different types of development, as well as the tools and languages needed for each.

In addition to the technical knowledge needed to meet your organisation's needs, you also have up-to-date knowledge of relevant guidelines and laws. These include such things as accessibility requirements in web design and laws regarding user data. You will stay informed about changes in these areas so that your organisation does not face any problems due to its website design.

Does a career in IT—specifically, a well-rounded career covering many areas of software development—appeal to you? If so, read on to find out what you need in terms of education and competencies.

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average salary of a full stack developer

The average salary of a full stack developer in India is around ₹7,97,300 per year. This amount falls centrally between the upper and lower limits of full stack developer earnings in India. At the lower entry-level end of the scale, average salaries are around ₹4,80,000 per year. At the other end, the most experienced developers can earn as much as ₹9,60,000 per year.

factors that affect full stack developer pay

As a full stack developer, your salary depends on several factors and the stage you are currently at in your career. When first starting out, qualifications and certifications will play the largest role in your potential salary. As you work in the role and gain experience, that experience will be the driving force in your earning potential. Having successful websites to evidence your skills also helps you during the salary negotiations process.

Beyond qualifications and experience, the location where your employer is based is also a factor. For example, full stack developers in Hyderabad, Telangana, can earn, on average, twice as much as developers in Mohali, Punjab.

full stack developer roles
full stack developer roles

types of full stack developer

Given the nature of the role, there aren't different types of full stack developers. Essentially, the point of the role is that the developer covers all bases themselves. However, the role divides into two main types that are professions in their own right:

  • back end developer: back end developers take care of aspects of a website or service that are behind the scenes. This aspect of the job involves database interfacing and management, website functionality, and ensuring the smooth operation of anything executed on the server.
  • front end developer: a front end developer handles the aspects of a website that users see and interact with when they visit. For the front end developer, design plays a significant part in the job. Front end developers are responsible for ensuring a website is accessible to users and that the interface with the back end works smoothly.

working as a full stack developer

Full stack developers work with a number of different coding languages to provide a seamless experience for the end user. This role involves several smaller duties, which you can explore below.


education and skills

Becoming a full stack developer in India is not as straightforward as some roles. You will have at least a bachelor's degree in computer science or a related technical field, though you may be able to substitute that qualification for equivalent practical experience. Things are a little more complex when it comes to coding. You need to be competent in any relevant coding languages and able to demonstrate that competence to your employers. Certifications are available in most cases. The languages you need to be familiar with can differ depending on the systems an organisation uses, but below are some that are universally required:

  • Python
  • Java and Javascript
  • PHP
  • Ruby

skills and competencies

Some of the qualities of a full stack developer include:

  • programming skills: programming skills are central to your success as a full stack developer. In addition to being familiar with any relevant programming languages, the ability to easily pick up new languages is also beneficial in this line of work.
  • problem-solving ability: as with any job that involves coding, problem-solving skills are important. Being able to logically think your way around a problem should ensure you can deal with any of the issues you are likely to face.
  • creative thinking: the front end development side of your job requires more creative skills than the back end. You design the user interfaces that people visiting the website use, and that interface must be both aesthetically pleasing and functional.

FAQs about working as a full stack developer

FAQs about working as a full stack developer:

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