what is a software developer?

As a software developer, you are the creative mind behind computer programs and software applications. You build the programs from scratch or oversee the team creating the applications. Software programs help users perform specific tasks on various devices like computers and mobile phones.

As a software developer, you may create applications or low-level code for operating systems used in computers and electronic devices. You collaborate with computer engineers and programmers to develop complex and functional systems that meet customers' needs or help a company improve efficiency. Your job doesn't end in development; you also test and deploy the software to ensure it works correctly.

job description of a software developer

As a software developer, you maintain and update software applications to fix bugs and improve their functionality. That means you monitor performance and find creative ways to implement new features. For instance, you keep systems up-to-date with the latest security features. You also ensure that software applications are compatible with the latest operating systems.

To become a successful developer, you require strong coding skills and creativity. Skills in design help you translate users' needs into an interactive application with an appealing layout and theme. Your technical aptitude also assists in figuring out how the pieces of a system can work together.

Would working as a software developer suit your abilities? Then read on to find out what competencies and qualifications you need to thrive in a software developer role.

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average salary of a software developer

According to Payscale, an entry-level software developer earns on average ₹395,000 per year. A senior software developer with expertise in the field can earn up to ₹715,000 annually. Some companies also offer bonuses for the successful completion of projects. Apart from the basic salary, you may also receive allowances, medical insurance, or contribution to your pension scheme.

factors that affect the salary of a software developer

Your earnings as a software developer vary based on your experience and skills. Senior software developers earn more than their junior counterparts since they have additional years of experience. Senior software developers usually manage teams and undertake complex projects. Experience enhances your skills and competencies, making you eligible for better pay. Educational qualifications can also influence your earnings. A software developer with a bachelor's or master's degree often has a better compensation package than developers joining through apprenticeships.

Your salary also depends on the employer and project complexity. For instance, a large company handles complex projects and pays higher wages than small businesses. However, start-ups are great for entry-level developers who need to build their skills and experience.

software developer jobs
software developer jobs

types of software developer

A software developer can specialise in various roles, such as:

  • web developer: your job involves building websites and applications based on clients' needs. You may specialise in front end coding for user interfaces, making them appealing to clients. You can also implement databases and back end code.
  • system developer: you are responsible for building operating system software and tools. You also create systems for regulating and operating computer infrastructure. Embedded system software developers create control systems for devices like washing machines, fridges and televisions.
  • app developers: your job is to write codes for desktop and mobile applications or video games. You build the user interface or back-end logic that performs various functions on mobile devices.

working as a software developer

Software development is an exciting career that allows you to build applications and websites for a wide range of users. Let's explore what the daily life of a software developer looks like and the duties involved. 


education and skills

For software developers, it is important to have educational qualifications to acquire relevant skills in the field. Some of the academic requirements include:

  • undergraduate courses: most software developers enter their careers with a diploma or bachelor's degree. At entry level, you will have cleared the higher secondary examination with PCM group. Typical subjects are software engineering, information technology and computer science. Qualifications include BTech, BCA (Bachelor of Computer Technology) and BSCS/BSc IT (Bachelor of Science in Computer Science/Information Technology). These courses usually take 3 or 4 years.
  • postgraduate courses: a postgraduate qualification will improve your job prospects for specialist jobs or higher positions. Choose an M.Tech in software engineering or a Master of Computer Applications (MCA) course, for example.

skills and competencies

Some of the skills of a software developer include:

  • analytical skills: as a software developer, you evaluate users' requirements when determining the software design. Analytical skills help you separate useful features and analyse the software's functionality. Analytical skills are also useful during testing.
  • communication skills: as a software developer, communication skills are crucial for interacting with other development team members and explaining problems that arise. Communication skills help you explain complex features to clients and investors without using technical terminology.
  • creativity: a software developer benefits from innovative thinking to design functional and efficient platforms. Creative skills help you find ingenious ways to develop software or improve the functions of an application.
  • detail-oriented: as a software developer, you tackle a range of software components. If you are not detail-oriented, your application may have bugs, slowing down the development process. Attention to detail also helps you identify problems during maintenance or testing.

FAQs about working as a software developer

FAQs about working as an software developer:

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