what is a software engineer?

As a software engineer, you work in a branch of computer science. You're involved in the evolution and construction of software. This can be related to a computer's operating system (OS) or an application-based program such as a browser or database. In addition, you help create programs for mobile devices like smartphones and tablets.

Software engineers are subject-matter experts (SMEs) regarding programming languages and their respective systems. Your skills mean you can produce customised products for different clients. The goal is to generate a solid foundation for a program before the project moves forward.

As a software engineer, you can work independently, within a team or with clients. In many cases, you are a part of a group that works on different products for one organisation. Therefore, you switch modes regularly to accommodate everyone's needs.

Your career goes beyond working for a computer company or software firm. Software engineers are a necessity in most business sectors. Development organisations often hire software engineers to assist customers. You could also be employed by manufacturing, finance or agricultural firms to develop programs that simplify processes within these sectors.

Would a career in IT and tech as a software engineer suit your critical thinking and innovation skills? Then read on to find out what competencies and qualifications you need to thrive in a software engineer role.

view roles

average salary of a software engineer

Pay rates for software engineers vary, but they are some of the highest-paid computer professionals. According to Payscale, the average base salary of a software engineer is ₹609,376 per year. Entry-level or trainee software engineers receive around ₹464,000 annually, while experienced software engineers can earn over ₹1,000,000 per year. Apart from basic salaries, software engineers enjoy various allowances and benefits. For instance, you may receive medical insurance and overtime pay or bonuses for success in specific projects.

what factors affect a software engineer's salary?

Several elements affect software engineers' pay. One is your experience level. Individuals right out of school or training programmes start at a lower rate. However, if you are successful in your position, many companies can quickly raise your salary. Another factor is training and certification. The job of a software engineer isn't a static one. You continue learning about new technologies and ways of programming to remain effective. If you have the training and skills to utilise your knowledge, your income will be higher. Information technology (IT) professionals like software engineers are in demand. Therefore, you often receive median or upper-end pay rates straight out of school.

software engineer roles
software engineer roles

types of software engineer

There are two main roles in software engineering:

  • application software engineer: your job is to create new software or adapt existing products for businesses and other enterprises. You do this by analysing your clients' needs. Sometimes, the application engineer is responsible for installing and maintaining an application throughout its lifetime.
  • systems software engineer: as a systems engineer, you develop programs for an organisation's computer systems. You create logical operations to help devices work together. For instance, you construct application programming interfaces (APIs) that link two machines or different programs. Generally, systems engineers develop items that maintain speed, productivity and security.

working as a software engineer

If you are interested in software engineering, it's helpful to know what to expect. Keep reading to learn more about your typical duties, schedule and work environment.


education and skills

As a software engineer, you need the following academic qualifications:

skills and competencies

A career in software engineering requires technical know-how and transferrable skills to succeed. Some of the qualities that help you excel include:

  • coding and programming skills: writing code is a big part of software engineering. You require proficiency in front end and back end coding languages like JavaScript, Ruby, Java, C++ and Python. You can attend programming boot camps or other training to improve your coding skills.
  • team skills: as a software engineer, you do not work in isolation since you collaborate with other professionals and liaise with stakeholders. Maintaining and developing software programs also requires input from various professionals, so working well with others enables you to achieve organisational goals. You learn to compromise and communicate with others throughout projects.
  • problem-solving ability: as a software engineer, you require the ability to identify and solve problems that arise in computer systems or applications. Your curiosity and analytical skills enable you to develop creative solutions to difficult problems.
  • attentiveness to details: software engineers are precise and meticulous. Detail-oriented skills help you in coding and testing software projects.

FAQs about working as a software engineer

FAQs about working as a software engineer:

thank you for subscribing to your personalised job alerts.