what is a web developer?

As a web developer, you use coding languages to build web applications and websites. Sometimes, a design team creates the website design, and your job is to write the code that turns it into a website. At other times, you liaise with a client, discuss their preferences for the website, and then design it.

You also write the code that controls the functionality of a website. That means ensuring users can navigate the site easily and perform various functions. For instance, you may build pages on a website like a paywall for recording payment details or a command to provide a newsletter or email.

job description of a web developer

As a web developer, it is crucial to be familiar with web technologies, network protocols and server infrastructures. You also understand the programming languages necessary for developing a website. Some front-end coding languages for producing a modern website include HTML, JavaScript and CSS. As new languages emerge, you familiarise yourself to stay competitive.

In addition to developing a user interface and layout, a web developer keeps the site up-to-date with content and fresh updates to improve its functionality. For instance, you regularly update the security protocols and ensure the site performs all the necessary functions. 

Would a job as a web developer suit your interest in technology and artistic eye? Then read on to find out what competencies and qualifications you need to thrive in a web developer role.

web developer roles

average salary of a web developer

According to Payscale, the salary of a web developer starts at around ₹255,000 a year. Once you have adequate experience and skills to perform complex tasks, you earn over ₹350,000 per year. Project complexity and work hours boost your earnings through overtime pay for working evenings and weekends. Some companies also have bonuses and paid holidays. If your employer pays on a project basis, your earnings will fluctuate depending on the scale of the task.

what factors affect the salary of a web developer?

The earnings of web developers are tied to various factors, from the location and company size to educational requirements and experience level. Your compensation package often depends on the local salary rates. Earnings fluctuate from one place to another due to the varied cost of living. Working in major cities generally offers better pay due to the cost of living and higher demand for web developers. 

Also, consider the company size when looking for a better salary. Multinationals often have greater resources and pay more, while start-ups may offer lower wages. Your skill set and years of experience also impact your compensation package. Entry-level positions offer lower-than-average salaries, but you can increase your salary if you have additional skills or management experience.

web developer roles
web developer roles

types of web developer

  • front end developer: your job is to implement the site design and the technical features that improve the website's functionality. You integrate applications, graphics and content to improve user experience.
  • back end developer: you are responsible for the technical aspects of a site, from application logic to database management. You also establish security procedures that allow users to access different parts of the site.
  • full stack developer: your job is to accomplish both back-end and front-end functionality. You complete the design and write code to guide the performance of a site based on the client's requirements.
  • javascript developer: you write code using JavaScript that controls site functionality and enhances the user experience. Most JavaScript developers work on the front-end layout, but the programming language isn't limited to the user interface.
  • webmasters: you are responsible for updating and maintaining websites, as well as managing servers and deployment procedures. You ensure sites work correctly by testing for errors and broken links.

working as a web developer

Working as a web developer involves creating websites, from their technical aspects to their appearance and functionality. Let's explore what roles and work environments you can expect.


education and skills

A web developer typically has the following educational qualifications:

  • degree: as a web developer, you have in-depth programming knowledge and expertise in the digital landscape. A BTech in computer science, web design, or IT is a great way to join the field. 
  • short courses: you don't always need formal training to become a web developer. You can acquire the skills for the role through short training sessions and online courses. These can give you a head-start with the required technologies and programming languages.
  • certifications: many online training courses offer their own certifications. For back end developer positions, you may also consider professional certifications such as Java EE and Web Services.

skills and competencies

The following transferrable skills help you excel as a web developer:

  • communication skills: as a web developer, you communicate with multiple stakeholders before producing a website. You are a good listener, enabling you to learn requirements and talk to clients without technical jargon. Your communication skills benefit you when making presentations to the design team.
  • continuous learning: to succeed as a web developer, you learn new techniques daily and study upcoming technologies. This requires natural curiosity and a passion for web design. Continuous learning helps you stay on top of the latest designs and computer languages.
  • perfectionism: as a web developer, you double-check your code for bugs and regularly fix any problems. Perfectionists always find something to improve on a website.
  • organisation and time management skills: if you handle multiple projects, your organisational skills enable you to stay on top of your tasks and workflows. Organisational skills help you develop a work schedule and meet deadlines.

FAQs about working as a web developer

FAQs about working as a web developer:

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