what is a cyber security expert?

As technologies advance, cybercriminals are becoming more prevalent and pose a greater threat to information in computer systems. As a cyber security expert, you develop and implement network security measures to prevent cyber attacks and malware. You also conduct regular security checks to detect threats and update computer protection software. When determining vulnerabilities in a computer system, sometimes you conduct white hacking tests and present your findings to your managers.

As a cyber security expert, you need extensive knowledge of potential system vulnerabilities and expertise in conducting security checks. It is necessary to keep up with emerging threats and learn effective strategies for prevention or intervention. In most organisations, a cyber security expert requires a broad knowledge base of all aspects of digital security. Along with technical expertise, you also perform administrative functions like writing reports.

A job as a cyber security expert improves your experience in cyber jobs and helps you discover your preferred area of specialisation. With a few years of experience, you can narrow your skillset to a particular specialism. 

Would working as a cyber security expert suit your computer skills? Then read on to find out what competencies and qualifications you need to thrive in a cyber security expert role.

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average salary of a cyber security expert


According to Glassdoor, the average salary for a cyber security specialist is ₹11,83087 per year in India.The compensation package often includes health insurance benefits, paid vacations and other allowances.

how to increase your salary as a cyber security expert

Your salary relies on internal and external factors. In many industries, your experience determines your pay. In cyber security, hands-on experience is more valuable than educational qualifications. Therefore, as you gain more experience, your salary will increase in line with your transferable skills. 

As a cyber security expert, it is possible to get a job in any industry that relies on technology and the internet to run their businesses. However, some industries offer cyber security experts more pay due to the sensitive nature of the data they manage. For instance, finance and insurance companies are likely to pay more than other industries. Your certifications are also relevant to your salary, and a qualification in cyber security boosts your earning potential.  

cyber security expert  roles
cyber security expert  roles

types of cyber security experts

As a cyber security expert, you can perform general duties or specialise in the following roles:

  • cyber security architect: as a cyber security architect, you design and develop unhackable security systems for a company's IT network. Your job is to assess vulnerabilities and strengthen system security. You also maintain security systems and update safety measures.
  • cyber security administrator: as a cyber security administrator, you install security solutions and troubleshoot them in the event of problems.
  • cyber security analyst: your work as a cyber security analyst is to monitor a company's infrastructure for potential threats. You also create contingency plans and review suspicious activities in the system.
  • cyber security auditor: as a cyber security auditor, you evaluate online security systems. You determine whether the security measures are effective against potential breaches.

working as a cyber security expert

Wondering what the day-to-day activities of a cyber security expert are? Read on for details of your duties and work environment.


education and skills

Most cyber security experts join the profession following a degree in IT or computer science. Other degrees that can help you into a cyber security job include forensic computing, mathematics, science, network engineering and any STEM course. When you complete your degree, you become a junior cyber security expert. 

Develop your skills through the following certifications to increase your earnings and competitiveness in the market: 

  • diploma: at entry-level, gain a Network Security qualification alongside your bachelor’s degree, or a diploma course in systems or network security for a junior cyber security analyst. 
  • postgraduate education: when you have around two years’ experience, you can opt for a postgraduate degree in cyber security, offered by many colleges in India. 
  • advanced qualifications: after five years of experience, complete your advanced course in cyber security by taking local or international certifications online, and become an auditor. You can complete other certifications relevant to your area of expertise.

skills and competencies

Some transferrable skill that enhance your educational qualifications and certifications include:

  • problem-solving skills: as a cyber security expert, your problem-solving abilities play a significant role in your daily workload. Your creative problem-solving skills enable you to tackle complex security issues in computer systems and digital environments.
  • technical aptitude: cyber security relies on technology, and exceptional computing skills are necessary to perform complex tasks like updating information security systems. Technical expertise also enables you to design and implement security measures to provide real-time protection against data breaches.
  • attention to detail: as a cyber security expert, your vigilance and detail-oriented approach enable you to notice the slightest changes in a system. Attentiveness to details also helps you detect vulnerabilities in computer systems and monitor networks for breaches.
  • communication skills: as a cyber security expert, you work closely with various employees when solving security issues. Your communication skills enable you to explain your findings and concerns in non-technical terms. They are also useful when you are developing security procedures for a company.

FAQs about working as a cyber security expert

FAQs about working as a cyber security expert:

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