what is an HVAC technician?

A heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) technician is a skilled professional who specialises in the installation, maintenance and repair of HVAC systems in residential, commercial and industrial settings. These systems play a crucial role in providing comfortable living and working environments by regulating temperature, humidity and air quality. As an HVAC technician, your primary goal is to ensure the optimal performance and energy efficiency of these systems, ultimately contributing to the well-being of building occupants and the sustainability of the built environment.

As an HVAC technician, you are well-versed in the principles of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, allowing you to understand how HVAC systems function and how to address any issues that may arise. You are also proficient in using the various tools and diagnostic techniques required for your work, such as multimeters, refrigerant gauges and airflow metres.

One of your main responsibilities as an HVAC technician is to diagnose and troubleshoot problems with HVAC systems. This involves identifying the root cause of issues, such as poor temperature control, inadequate ventilation or system inefficiencies, and then implementing the most effective solutions. You also perform routine maintenance on HVAC equipment to prevent breakdowns and ensure the longevity of the systems.

Does working as an HVAC technician appeal to your technical mind and desire to work with your hands? If so, keep reading to find out all you need to know to thrive in this profession.

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average HVAC technician salary

According to Payscale, the average salary of an HVAC technician is around ₹253,016 per year. There is quite a large range of pay for this profession, with entry-level HVAC technicians earning upwards of ₹99,000 per year. Meanwhile, at the other end of the scale, the most experienced HVAC technicians can earn as much as ₹894,000.

factors that affect HVAC technician’s pay

Many factors influence your potential earning as an HVAC technician, such as experience, education and location. Experienced technicians with a proven track record of success typically earn higher salaries than their less experienced peers. On a similar note, if you have certifications and qualifications, you can also increase your earning potential. These qualifications will demonstrate your commitment to professional development and expertise in the field.

The location of your employment can affect your pay, as job opportunities and salaries may vary between regions. Areas with a higher cost of living or a higher demand for HVAC services may offer higher wages. Additionally, working in certain sectors, such as commercial or industrial settings, may yield better compensation than working in residential environments.

manpower consultancy
manpower consultancy

types of HVAC technicians

The most common types of HVAC technicians include:

  • installation technician: as an installation technician, you focus on setting up new HVAC systems in residential, commercial and industrial buildings. You ensure proper installation and correct functionality, which is essential for maintaining comfort and energy efficiency.
  • service technician: Service technicians specialise in troubleshooting and repairing existing HVAC systems. You diagnose issues, perform maintenance and replace damaged parts, ultimately ensuring that the systems work efficiently and reliably.
  • refrigeration technician: this role is specifically tailored to work with refrigeration systems. As a refrigeration technician, you install, maintain and repair various refrigeration units, including cold storage rooms and commercial fridges, which are crucial for food preservation and storage.
  • controls technician: controls technicians work with automated systems that regulate HVAC equipment. Your focus is on installing, programming and maintaining control systems to ensure optimal performance and energy efficiency.

working as an HVAC technician

As an HVAC technician, you'll be responsible for ensuring the proper functioning of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. If you're passionate about solving problems and working with your hands, read on to learn more about the duties and responsibilities of this profession.


education and skills

Some of the academic qualifications for HVAC technicians include:

  • diploma or ITI certification: employers often require a diploma or ITI certification in refrigeration and air conditioning, which equips you with the foundational knowledge and practical skills necessary for a successful career in the HVAC industry.
  • vocational training: completing a vocational training programme in HVAC can further enhance your employability by providing hands-on experience and in-depth knowledge of industry-specific tools, techniques and best practices. Having vocational training can help you reach a higher rate of pay faster than relying on experience alone.
  • industry certifications: pursuing industry-specific certifications, such as the ISHRAE Certified HVAC Professional, demonstrates your expertise and commitment to professional growth, making you a more attractive candidate to employers.

HVAC technician skills and competencies

Some of the qualities of an HVAC technician include:

  • technical skills: as an HVAC technician, you possess strong technical skills and are proficient in working with various tools and equipment to diagnose, repair, and maintain HVAC systems.
  • problem-solving abilities: in the course of your work, you encounter various challenges and issues that require strong problem-solving skills to identify the root cause and develop effective solutions.
  • attention to detail: ensuring that HVAC systems operate efficiently and safely requires keen attention to detail is important, as small errors or oversights can lead to significant problems.
  • customer service: as you often interact with clients, excellent communication and customer service skills are essential to address their concerns, explain technical issues, and build trust.
career resources
career resources

FAQs about working as an HVAC technician

Here, you will find the answers to the most frequently asked questions about the profession of an HVAC technician.

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