what is an electrical engineer?

Electrical engineers are responsible for electrical systems on a larger scale than typical electricians. In this role, you plan and execute the maintenance, upgrades, and installations of entire electrical systems. You supervise other electrical technicians working in your or with your team. You also provide guidance in electrical-related matters to managers in the companies you work for. 

You require various skills to succeed in this profession. Technical skills enable you to carry out electrical work, and project management skills allow you to organise the various projects you are responsible for. Your job could involve travelling, so you also need to be comfortable working in various locations and environments.

All industries need electrical engineers, so no specific industry is linked to this profession. If you find yourself working for a firm that provides electrical services to other organisations, you may work in different industries weekly to weekly. However, the need for good organisational skills, project management ability, and attention to detail remains constant. These skills ensure you won't miss things that could later develop into significant problems.

If this matches your skill set, read on to learn more about qualifications, skills, and earnings in this profession.

electrical engineer roles

average salary of an electrical engineer

The average electrical engineer's salary in India is around ₹2,81,240, though that figure can climb as high as ₹4,71,003 depending on several factors, including experience and qualifications.

factors that affect electrical engineer's pay

One of the most significant factors in how much electrical engineers get paid is how much overtime they are prepared to work. Naturally, the more hours you work, the more you will get paid. The geographical location of your employer also impacts your pay. For example, electrical engineers in Delhi earn around ₹1,00,000 per year more than electrical engineers in Hyderabad, Telangana.

Education and experience are also important factors, though education is less significant than having the appropriate certifications to carry out electrical work. Having previous experience in project management can also increase your earning potential.

Please use these images in the context of inclusion projects
Please use these images in the context of inclusion projects

types of electrical engineer

Electrical engineering is a single profession, but there are areas of specialisation within that profession with specific responsibilities. Some of the more common different types of electrical engineers include:

  • electrical engineering technician: an electrical engineering technician supports their electrical engineer by assisting them in executing their duties.
  • electrical installer and repairer: in this role, you install electrical components, systems, and products, as well as make repairs when necessary.
  • electrician: as an electrician, you use your electrical engineering expertise to install, maintain, and repair electrical fixtures and equipment, such as lighting.
  • electronics engineer: in an electronics engineer role, you work specifically on electronics rather than wider electrical systems. You are responsible for building, testing, and repairing electrical components.

working as an electrical engineer

Working as an electrical engineer is varied and satisfying. Whichever branch you work in, your technical and organisational skills are paramount. Your day-to-day work focuses on specialised engineering tasks as well as the planning, management and administration of electrical projects.


education and skills

Some of the academic qualifications for becoming an electrical engineer include:

  • bachelor's degree: a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering should be considered the minimum requirement. This will mean at least three years of education, or possibly four years, depending on the specific path you take.
  • master's degree: if you are looking to gain an edge when joining the workforce, a master's degree in electrical engineering will help you stand out from those who have only a bachelor's degree.

skills and competencies

Some of the qualities that help you stand out as an electrical engineer include:

  • attention to detail: working with electrical systems involves a number of complex aspects, such as wiring diagrams and architectural plans, as well as the electrical systems themselves. Having strong attention to detail helps you ensure you don't miss any potential problems that could become significant issues in the future.
  • communication skills: you work with a lot of people during the course of your electrical engineering career, from your superiors to the people who work in the buildings where you are based. Having good communication skills will make your professional life easier.
  • problem-solving skills: electrical systems can be tricky, particularly when dealing with older systems that have been in place for many years. An aptitude for problem-solving can help you get around some of the complex issues that arise in a shorter amount of time.

FAQs about working as an electrical engineer

FAQs about working as a electrical engineer:

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